Discover more about Tibet
“A Lake on the Roof of the World”
The autonomous region of Tibet is located at the main part of Qinghai-Tibet plateau, south-West frontier of China. Tibet borders with Sichuan, Yuannan, Qinghai and Xinjiang; to the south contiguous to India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma, and bounded by Kashmir on the west.
Open grassland, virgin forest, Tibet is also home for some of the world’s tallest mountains, with several of them making the top ten list with Mount Everest: the highest mountain on earth.
With its particular dry climate, Tibet is worth a visit almost all year long. April to November are the milder months.
Nomads, handicraft, wild Yaks, colorful prayer flags or pious pilgrims are part of the scenery and daily traditions.
Let’s explore the roof of the World in an authentic way with us!
More about Tibet
Tibet is located at the main part of the Qinghai-Tibet plateauLearn More
Geography of Tibet
Tibet is located at the main part of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, the south-West frontier of China. Tibet borders with Sichuan, Yunnan, Qinghai, and Xinjiang; to the south contiguous to India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, and Burma, and is bounded by Kashmir on the west.
Geographically, Tibet can be divided into three major parts, the east, north, and south. The eastern part is the forest region, occupying approximately one-fourth of the land. Virgin forests run the entire breadth and length of this part of Tibet. The northern part is open grassland, where nomads and yak and sheep dwell here. This part occupies approximately half of Tibet. The southern and central part is the agricultural region, occupying about one-fourth of Tibet’s land area with all major Tibetan cities and towns such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse ad Tsetang located in this area it is considered the cultural center of Tibet.
The total area of the Tibet Autonomous Region is 1,200,000 square kilometers, and its population is 1,890,000.
Tibet has some of the world’s tallest mountains, with several of them making the top ten list. Mount Everest, located on the border with Nepal, is 8,848 meters (29,029 ft), the highest mountain on earth. Several major rivers have their source in the Tibetan Plateau (mostly in present-day Qinghai Province). These include the Yangtze, Yellow River, Indus River, Mekong, Ganges, Salween , and the Yarlung Tsangpo River (Brahmaputra River). The Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, along the Yarlung Tsangpo River, is among the world’s deepest and longest canyons.
Tibet has been called the “Water Tower” of Asia, and China is investing heavily in water projects in Tibet.
History and People of Tibet
Tibetan history can be traced thousands of years back. However, the written history only dates back to the 7th century when Songtsan Gampo, the 33rd Tibetan king, sent his minister Sambhota to India to study Sanskrit, who invented his return the present Tibetan script based on Sanskrit.
The majority of Tibet’s population, out of 1,890,000, are Tibetans. Tibet is so thinly populated that it averages out to 1.6 8 persons per square kilometers. About 90% of the people live on farming and husbandry. The great northern grassland, which occupies a good half of Tibet, is the home of nomads, yaks, and sheep. The remaining population, approximately 10%, live in towns earning their living mainly on business and handicraft, and many are factory workers and government officials.
For the majority of the Tibetans, religion seems almost everything. Many live principally for the next life, rather than for the present. They accumulate deeds of virtue and pray for the final liberation-enlightenment. Lips and hands of the elders are never at still, either busied in the murmuring of the six-syllable mantra (prayer) Om Ma Ni Pad Me Hum or the rotation of their prayer wheels. Pious pilgrims from every corner of Tibet day to day gather at Jokhang Temple and Barkhor Street offering donations and praying for heart and soul for their own Selves, for their friends, and their friends’ friends.
There exist a variety of Tibetan dialects and costumes, depending on the origin of the regions.
Climate of Tibet
The atmosphere is severely dry nine months of the year, and it snows only once or twice in a year, owing to the perpetuity of bright sunshine. The temperature is not that cold during the daytime, even in the coldest of the winter. Western passes receive small amounts of fresh snow each year but remain traversable all year round. Low temperatures are prevalent throughout these western regions, where bleak desolation is unrelieved by any vegetation bigger than a low bush and where the wind sweeps unchecked across vast expanses of arid plain. The Indian monsoon exerts some influence on eastern Tibet. Northern Tibet is subject to high temperatures in the summer and intense cold in the winter.
The best time of year to be in Tibet is from April to the beginning of November, after which temperatures start to plummet. Central Tibet, including Lhasa, Gyantse, Shigatse, and Tsedang, generally has very mild weather from April to November. However, July and August can be rainy – these two months usually see around half of Tibet’s annual rainfall. October and November often bring some dazzling clear weather, and daytime temperatures can be quite comfortable at Tibet’s lower altitude. The coldest months are from December to February. It is not impossible to visit Tibet in winter. The low altitude valleys of Tibet (around Lhasa, Shigatse, and Tsedang) see very little snow. Spring does not really get underway until April, though March can have warm sunny days and is not necessarily a bad month to be in Tibet.
Best time for a journey to Tibet
This is will first depend on the kind of journey you have chosen, whether a cultural tour, a trekking or an expedition in the Himalaya.Learn More
In general, the best time of year to be in Tibet is from April to beginning of November, after which temperatures start to decrease.
Central Tibet, including Lhasa, Gyantse, Shigatse and Tsedang, generally has very mild weather from April to November, though July and August can be rainy – these two months usually see around half of Tibet’s annual rainfall.
October and November often bring some dazzling clear weather and daytime temperatures can be quite comfortable at Tibet’s lower altitude.
December to February are the coldest months. It is not impossible to visit Tibet in winter, however you have to except cold temperatures. The low altitude valleys of Tibet (around Lhasa, Shigatse and Tsedang) see very little snow.
Spring does not really start before April, though March can have nice sunny days.
Finally, if you intent to go for an Expedition on Mount Everest, the only period of time for such an adventure is April to beginning of June.
It is not possible to obtain a visa for Tibet, upon arrival.Learn More
- How can I obtain my visa for Tibet?
It is not possible to obtain a visa for Tibet, upon arrival.
Unless otherwise indicated, since all our packages to Tibet are starting in Nepal, we will take care of the specific visa formalities for your Chinese Visa (Tibet), upon your arrival in Kathmandu.
For any further information, feel free to contact us. We are happy to advise you by phone or email.
Frequently Asked Questions
Kind of activities and personal equipmentLearn More
- What activities are possible to experience during my stay in Tibet?
Tibet offers a range of guided activities. Whether you want to discover its cultural treasures, explore the Tibetan Plateau or challenge yourself in the extreme altitude of the Himalaya, we are happy to advise you.
- What kind of personal equipment is required for a journey to Tibet?
Upon booking your Trip to Tibet, we will provide you with all necessary information about the equipment you need to bring with you, depending on the season and the experiences you have chosen.